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Beekeeping Survey Increases Knowledge of Diseases and Pests in Barbados

The Caribbean Agriculture Research and Development Institute (CARDI) in Barbados and the Entomology and Veterinary Services Sections of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, Fisheries, and Water Resource Management are charged with increasing agricultural production in the country. Honey bees are essential to the growth of the agricultural industry to help with the pollination of crops. Over the past few years, the bee industry has struggled to maintain their current level of hives in the country due to the increase of pests and diseases. Pests such as the Varroa Mite and diseases such as Nosema Disease have decimated hives decreasing the pollination of crops on the island. Extension officers from the Ministry of Agriculture and beekeepers in Barbados have struggled to recognize pests and diseases that threaten apiaries. CARDI and the Ministry of Agriculture requested FAVACA's help to identify a skilled apiary inspector to provide training on disease and pest recognition and alleviation. FAVACA veteran volunteer Tom Mozer agreed to work with CARDI and the Ministry of Agriculture to conduct a bee survey from December 1-8, 2012. Mozer trained 35 extension officers and beekeepers on recognizing pests and diseases that threaten the bee industry and protecting apiaries from these threats. Tom Mozer, a former Florida State African Bee Inspector in Northeast Florida, State Bee Inspector for South Florida and a former commercial beekeeper managing over 1,000 hives. Mozer is currently a registered Florida beekeeper with 25 hives in St. Augustine, Florida. Mozer provided participants with numerous manuals to help with disease and pest recognition and treatments. As a result of the training, the Ministry of Agriculture and beekeepers now have the knowledge and resources to recognize and treat potential threats to the industry and have increased the number of hives in the country and improved pollination and crop production.

HOT PEPPER PLANT VIRUS EXTRATION AND SCREENING IN BARBADOS

The Caribbean Agriculture Research and Development Institute (CARDI) requested a training on the demonstration and practice of virus extract collection for the use of screening hot pepper seedlings for virus resistance. Before the start of the training, seedlings were grown in an insect proof screen house, and when an adequate size was achieved, the CARDI staff made an abrasion of the leaf surface and inoculated the leaf with the virus extract. The treated seedlings were allowed to grow for a period of time after which they were scored for resistance to the applied virus based on symptom response. Instruction was requested in the collection of virus extract, preparation to obtain a standard titre of virus particles, techniques in leaf surface abrasion, and application of inoculums to the bruised leaf. Dr. Sue A. Tolin was selected to provide the training and traveled to Barbados October 7-11, 2012. Dr. Tolin is currently a Professor Emerita of Plant Pathology at Virginia Tech University and has researched areas spanning from biology, genetics, diagnostics, and diversity of plant pathogenic RNA viruses through understanding and deploying resistance mechanisms and integrated management practices. CARDI staff and extension agents were trained in two immunological methods for the diagnosis of Potato virus Y and Cucumber mosaic virus. The staff was also trained in methodology for mechanical inoculation of virus to young pepper plants. This technical training and demonstration will produce competence in the empirical screening of plants to identify resistance to virus infection by the direct inoculation of the plant with a known concentration of the virus thence rating expressed symptoms after a fixed period of time. This method will be an advantage over current protocol screening as it allows for false-positives due to plants rated as resistant but that may have never been infected by the vector insect.

SHELTER MANAGEMENT TRAINING WELL RECEIVED IN BARBADOS

The Barbados Professional Women's Club (BPW) was established in 1966 and strives to improve and advance the status of women in economic, civil and political life by removing discrimination, offering occupational training and education, improving of the position of women in business, networking among women's organizations, supporting member businesses, and presenting women's views to national and international organizations and agencies.  In 1999, they opened a 25-bed shelter for survivors of gender-based violence - the only shelter in the country.  The shelter offers a safe place and temporary shelter for about 25 women and their children, counsels families to overcome trauma and equips them with coping and survival skills.  BPW asked FAVACA to help build the organization's capacity in team building, staff empowerment, shelter rules, agency management and coordination, mental health and addiction challenges and case documentation and quality assurance.  Linda Osmundson, a 20-year veteran in the field of domestic violence and the Executive Director of Community Action Stop Abuse (CASA), an organization that provides shelter and support services for victims of domestic violence and their families in St. Petersburg, Florida, agreed to volunteer with FAVACA and traveled to Barbados from June 12-16, 2012.  Osmundson began training nine shelter workers on shelter rules and crisis management and provided an overview of the battered women's movement in the US.  She addressed issues of serving women with mental health and addiction problems as well as well supervising children since BPW does not have a child advocate on staff.  Other training topics comprised effective crisis intervention with battered women, women who use violence, strategies to deal with teen dating violence and working with children.  Osmundson also donated core competency training materials from the Florida Coalition against Domestic Violence.  While in Barbados, Osmundson met with Deputy Public Affairs Officer Rachel Zaspel from the US Embassy and members of the Barbados Gender Affairs Office and Domestic Violence Committee to discuss new domestic violence laws.  Osmundson also lead a workshop with 15 nonprofit representatives, including BPW workers that did not work directly in the shelter, on board management, grant writing, and fundraising as well as general domestic violence training.

BARBADOS NGOS PLAN STRATEGICALLY

The Caribbean Policy Development Center and the Barbados Youth Business Trust are two prominent NGOs that provide assistance and technical support to NGOs and the public in Barbados.  The two organizations asked FAVACA for help in building the capacity of their members to develop strategic plans, results-based management, project planning, and project management.  Three experts in the sector of nonprofit strengthening and fundraising, Dr. Fred Seamon, Senior Partner at MGT of America, Dr. Dena Hurst, Researcher at the Jorgensen Learning Center as well as Researcher and Instructor at Florida State University, and James Mueller of James Muller & Associates LLC, traveled to Barbados on June 4-8, 2012.  Long-time volunteers Dr. Fred Seamon, Dr. Dena Hurst, and James Mueller conducted a three-day workshop to address the requested topics.  The purpose of the seminar was to equip NGO leaders with the skills to more effectively and efficiently secure government funding, manage their organizations, build teams, and organize systems necessary for effective service delivery. In addition, the workshop was used to engage youth business mentors in a discussion of project management. At each of the workshop sessions conducted, volunteers estimated that 20-30 participants attended.  The workshops provided lessons in better preparing log frames and work plans and instilling effective communication skills to build their organization's capacity. According to the volunteers, the training sessions went very well and the participants found the materials and information taught "useful, relevant and applicable."

BARBADOS RECEIVES DISASTER PREPAREDNESS TRAINING

The Association of Professional Social Workers (BAPSW) strives to be a voice of the social work profession and to act as an agent of change effecting social policy and development by providing high quality professional services through education, advocacy and alliance with all sectors of society. In order to better react during natural and manmade disasters, BAPSW have requested FAVACA's assistance in training social workers, psychologists, police, firefighters and personnel from the Barbados Department of Emergency Management on how to provide quality care during a crisis.  As is often the case in an emergency, social workers and first responders may be insensitive, confused, lost, or frightened as to how to assist those in crisis.  To ensure the highest quality of professionals and to better assist society during times of crisis, the BAPSW requested FAVACA's assistance in training professionals on the psychosocial assessment and intervention in a disaster situation.

Dr. Andrea Allen, Associate Dean of Academic Affairs and Assistant Professor of Behavioral Sciences & Academic Coordinator for Behavioral Sciences and Social Welfare Programs at the school of Adult and Continuing Education at Barry University, and Dr. James Shultz, Director of the Center for Disaster & Extreme Event Preparedness (DEEP) at the University of Miami's School of Medicine, traveled to Barbados March 20-26, 2011 to train social workers, first responders and disaster management professionals.  The volunteers provided a comprehensive lecture on disaster behavior health which included strategies for disaster responders on how to plan for and prepare for the roles of each service sector before and during a disaster.  Allen and Shultz also discussed strategies in responding to survivors which included how to approach survivors, how to attend to special populations, how to appraise the survivors needs, and how to comfort survivors.  The volunteers also provided training on mental health and psychosocial support by teaching how to detect early on people of high risk for psychopathology, mental health interventions, and follow up mental health surveillance, evaluation and community resiliency planning. The last topic the volunteers covered was the youth's reactions to disasters over time.  Approximately 150 people attended the training.

VISUALLY IMPAIRED RECIEVES COMPUTER TRAINING IN BARBADOS VISUALLY IMPAIRED RECEIVE COMPUTER TRAINING IN BARBADOS

The National Disabilities Unit works to facilitate, advocate, and promote the advancement and empowerment of persons with disabilities in order to ensure equal opportunities for integration and participation in all aspects of community living in Barbados. The National Disabilities Unit contacted FAVACA to follow up on several previous trainings to teach information technology to the staff and constituents of the National Disabilities Unit. First time volunteer Donna Rogalski, the former President of the Inter-County Chapter of the Florida Council of the Blind and currently a technology specialist with the Florida Division of Blind Services traveled to Bridgetown, Barbados from May 10-21, 2009 to facilitate a training on specialized computer software for visually impaired computer users. Rogalski was accompanied by her colleague Chris Kelly.

BARBADOS NONPROFITS RECEIVE TRAINING ON NGO STRENGTHENING

The recent worldwide food and energy shortages have increased the need for social services on the island of Barbados and around the globe. During times of difficulty, citizens flock to the social service sector to receive the services that citizens are unable to afford and governments are unable to finance. The increased demand for these services has outpaced the ability for these social service organizations to provide for their citizens due to budgetary and organizational constraints.

The Barbados Association of Nongovernmental Organizations (BANGO), an umbrella organization for Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Barbados, asked FAVACA to address helping to build the capacity of NGOs by strengthening the capability of NGOs to write proposals and by addressing topics of leadership and governance. The Director of BANGO, Roosevelt King, established BANGO in 1997 to deliver services to Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and to serve as a resource for NGO leaders in Barbados. Three experts in the sector of nonprofit strengthening and fundraising traveled to Barbados August 5-9, 2008 to provide the necessary skills of capacity building to leaders of CSOs in Barbados. Volunteers Fred Seamon, MGT Consultants in Tallahassee, Dena Hurst from Florida State University's John Scott Daily Institute of Government in Tallahassee, and James Mueller of James Mueller and Associates in Delray Beach provided a three day training seminar emphasizing skills and techniques to increase each organization's capability to write proposals, further their capacity to address organizational structure, operations, and systems necessary for effective service delivery.

As a result of the training, over 40 leaders were provided training and the groups in attendance will now meet regularly to discuss their successes and struggles in implementing many of the new skills they learned from this seminar in order to provide the necessary social services to citizens in Barbados.

EASTERN CARIBBEAN NATIONAL DRUG COUNCIL SEEK REGIONAL SOLUTION

National Drug Council professionals in six countries received consultation and materials on US best practices in the area of substance abuse prevention and treatment as well as drug and HIV/AIDS issues. Charged with gathering information on training and technical assistance needs in the areas of substance abuse prevention and treatment past Executive Director of the Florida Alcohol and Drug Abuse Association, John Daigle of Tallahassee traveled June 11-22, 2007. Daigle provided an assessment of existing programs and discussed with key stakeholders training and technical assistance needs relevant to drug prevention and treatment. Focal points and common areas of need identified included: substance abuse prevention programs for teachers, youth leaders, school counselors, families, and prison officers; skills development for program evaluation, progress, and impact; treatment planning, relapse prevention, intervention, statistical analysis, and grant writing.

Assistance and increased awareness in the following areas was also identified:

  • To support the DARE prevention program
  • Out-of-School programs such as alternative activities, sports, summer camps
  • Effective prevention messages, creative public service announcements
  • Relationship of substance abuse to tourism and crime
  • Workplace policies, employee assistance programs for companies, unions
  • Resource center materials and exhibit

During his travels Mr. Daigle met with the following substance abuse officials: Saint Lucia Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat, Ministry of Justice, Miss Jodeth David, Program Officer; Grenada National Council on Drug Control, Dave Alexander, Director; Ministry of Education and Barbados National Council on Substance Abuse; Mr. Clarence Pilgrim, Chair of National Drug Council & Superintendent of the Mental Hospital for Antigua and Barbuda; Saint Kitts and Nevis National Council on Drug abuse Prevention, Dr. Eileen Mac Lachlan, Director; Dominica National Drug Prevention Unit, Ministry of Health and Social Security, Ms. Jacinta Bannis, Director.

BARBADOS RECEIVES COUNSELING TRAINING

The increase of narcotic drug use in Barbados, particularly among the youth, has brought along with it a criminal element that spans from the simple theft to the major crime of murder, thus injecting the element of fear in some communities on the island. Victor Roach, president of the National Committee for the Prevention of Alcoholism and Drug Dependency (NCPADD), requested substance abuse counceling training. First-time FAVACA volunteers Teknaya N. Watson, Tallahassee, and Charles E. Osiris, Tallahassee, gave presentations and workshops, June 11-19, 2005, on health and safety at the work place; substance abuse education; providing interventions for anger management, truancy, self-esteem among youths, counseling and intervention techniques for substance abuse counselors, strategies for identifying and treating depression, suicide prevention, identifying warning signals of at-risk youth, creating outreach and community programs, and intergenerational intervention techniques. Watson has a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology and is currently the Senior Psychologist for the Jefferson Correctional Institution in Monticello. Osiris is an independent consultant who has a Ph.D. in organizational development and educational leadership.

BARBADIAN SCHOOL RECEIVES DANCE AND CHOREOGRAPHY WORKSHOP

Rodney Grant, director of the Pinelands Creative Workshop, a community-based organization founded in 1978 to serve youth in the low-income housing district of Pinelands/Wildey, Barbados requested follow up training for choreographing modern and jazz dance. Pineland’s mission is to utilize the common interest of culture to build the morale and empower youth throughout the community. To this end Grant requested training on behalf of the group’s dance troupe. Specifically he sought expertise in dance and choreography for ten instructors and volunteers who work with students ranging in age from 6-16. Returning volunteer Lela Jones, Tallahassee, expert in afro-caribbean as well as jazz and modern dance techniques, December 19, 2004 - January 1, 2005, to provide the training. Ms. Jones holds a Masters of Fine Arts in Dance from Florida State University and teaches modern tap, ballet and jazz at Leonard Wesson Elementary School. Ms. Jones conveyed strategies for teaching adolescent youth and provided choreography and lesson planning workshops.

BARBADOS FIGHTS FRUIT FLIES WITH NEW BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS

In December 2002 the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture in coordination with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute - St. Kitts, requested FAVACA's assistance for a fruitfly biological control program. Two United States Department of Agriculture technicians from Gainesville, John Sivinski, PhD., and Timothy Holler, PhD., traveled to St. Kitts and Nevis in December 2002, to train 20 officials. Subsequently, the Barbados Ministry of Agriculture learned of the project and expressed interest in replicating the program. Government entomologist Ian Gibbs requested the team provide similar training to his officials. Drs. Sivinski and Holler traveled to Barbados November 7-12, 2004, to train Gibbs and his staff in fruit sampling, surveying for fruit fly, identification of fruit fly parasitoids, trapping methodologies and pest/host relationship.


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