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Sorghum Production in Haiti


In Haiti, sorghum production and profitability have been shown to be limited by both biotic and abiotic stresses. To sorghum farmers, one of the principal components of sorghum production is achieving actual yield, which under subsistence farming can be challenging. In order to help, FAVACA sent Dr. Louis K. Prom, a United States Department of Agriculture employee, to Haiti in order to train farmers in the Dumilseau and Bas Groman regions. He was the best person for the job because of his extensive experience in the agricultural field of work in the United States and abroad. 

During his volunteer trip, from June 10-18, 2014, there were two training sessions. One was about production systems and the land preparation for seed storage. There were forty (40) men and nine (9) women who attended. The second training session was about marketing in relation to the National Brewery of Haiti, also called Brana, and further discussion on row spacing, plant spacing within the row, and plant density.  Thirty men and five women attended this session. Large numbers of school children and their instructors also attended the training sessions. Brana would like to increase their local purchase to 40% and at this level, better production systems for higher yields will have to be employed by farmers, in the country. Fortunately, the production system that Brana wants sorghum farmers to employ was discussed with the FAVACA sponsored farmers during training sessions. After these training sessions, Dr. Prom was confident that these farmers can meet the criteria set by Brana for purchasing local sorghum. Also, the farmers in Dumilseau and Bas Groman have been using the same method of cultivating sorghum for generations with some success. However, the yields have not significantly increased, so he recommended five treatments in order to help. 


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